pollution + plastics

Up to one million sea birds and 100,000 marine mammals and sea turtles are killed annually by eating or becoming entangled in plastic. [1]

4 to 10 million metric tons of plastic end up in the ocean each year. We're on track to have more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2050. [2], [3]

Oil spills contribute just 12% of the oil entering our oceans; 36% of ocean oil pollution travels through rivers and drains from industrial, agricultural, and metropolitan sources. [4]




How Much Plastic is in the Ocean? | PBS

Plastics Breakdown | One World One Ocean

Plastics Breakdown | One World One Ocean

How Ocean Pollution Affects Humans | Plastic Oceans 

How Ocean Pollution Affects Humans | Plastic Oceans 

Marine Pollution | European Commission

Marine Pollution | European Commission


Guglielmo Mattioli, City Limits. Stormwater is New Challenge to City’s Clean Water Plans, July 2016.

Katie Forster, Independent. Microplastics in the sea a growing threat to human health, United Nations warns, May 2016. 

Lisa W. Foderaro, New York Times. Study Investigates Proliferation of Plastic in Waterways Around New York, February 2016.

Russell McLendon, Mother Nature Network. What is the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch?, October 2016. 

Chris Tyree and Dan Morrison, Orb. Invisibles: The plastic inside us, September 2017. 


[1] Live Science. Plastic in Birds' Stomachs Reveals Ocean's Garbage Problem, July 2012.

[2] Angus Chen, Science Magazine. Here’s how much plastic enters the ocean each year, February 2015.

[3] World Economic Forum. The New Plastics Economy: Rethinking the future of plastics, January 2016.

[4] WWF. Marine Problems: Pollution, 2016.


Lonely Whale Foundation - "The Lonely Whale Foundation is dedicated to bringing people closer to the world’s oceans through education and awareness, inspiring empathy and action for ocean health and the wellbeing of marine wildlife."

Ocean Conservancy - "Ocean Conservancy is working with you to protect the ocean from today’s greatest global challenges. Together, we create science-based solutiosn for a healthy ocean and the wildlife and communities that depend on it."

Parley for the Oceans - "Parley is the space where creators, thinkers, and leaders come together to raise awareness for the beauty and fragility of our oceans and collaborate on projects that can end their destruction."

Plastic Pollution Coalition  - "Plastic Pollution Coalition is a growing global alliance of organizations, businesses, and thought leaders working toward a world free of plastic pollution and its toxic impact on humans, animals, and the environment. "

Surfrider Foundation: Rise Above Plastics Campaign - "Rise Above Plastics is designed to eliminate the impacts of plastics in the marine environment by raising awareness about the dangers of plastic pollution and by advocating for a reduction of single-use plastics and the recycling of all plastics."