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pollution + plastics

Up to one million sea birds and 100,000 marine mammals and sea turtles are killed annually by eating or becoming entangled in plastic. [1]

We're on track to have more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2050. 4 to 10 million metric tons of plastic end up in the ocean each year. [2], [3]

Oil spills contribute just 12% of the oil entering our oceans; 36% of ocean oil pollution travels through rivers and drains from industrial, agricultural, and metropolitan sources. [4]

A third of all fish caught in the UK and 83% of drinking water samples from around the world are contaminated with microplastic. [5]



How Much Plastic is in the Ocean? | PBS

Marine Pollution | European Commission

Marine Pollution | European Commission

How Ocean Pollution Affects Humans | Plastic Oceans 

How Ocean Pollution Affects Humans | Plastic Oceans 

Plastics Breakdown | One World One Ocean

Plastics Breakdown | One World One Ocean

Plastic Ocean | Ocean Conservancy

Plastic Ocean | Ocean Conservancy



Ayana Elizabeth Johnson, Scientific American. We Need to Kick our Addiction to Plastic, October 2017. 

Chris Tyree and Dan Morrison, Orb. Invisibles: The plastic inside us, September 2017. 

Russell McLendon, Mother Nature Network. What is the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch?, October 2016. 

Guglielmo Mattioli, City Limits. Stormwater is New Challenge to City’s Clean Water Plans, July 2016.

Katie Forster, Independent. Microplastics in the sea a growing threat to human health, United Nations warns, May 2016. 

Lisa W. Foderaro, New York Times. Study Investigates Proliferation of Plastic in Waterways Around New York, February 2016.


[1] Live Science. Plastic in Birds' Stomachs Reveals Ocean's Garbage Problem, July 2012.

[2] World Economic Forum. The New Plastics Economy: Rethinking the future of plastics, January 2016.

[3] Angus Chen, Science Magazine. Here’s how much plastic enters the ocean each year, February 2015.

[4] WWF. Marine Problems: Pollution, 2016.

[5] Ayana Elizabeth Johnson, Scientific American. We Need to Kick our Addiction to Plastic, October 2017. 


Lonely Whale Foundation - "The Lonely Whale Foundation is dedicated to bringing people closer to the world’s oceans through education and awareness, inspiring empathy and action for ocean health and the wellbeing of marine wildlife."

Plastic Pollution Coalition  - "Plastic Pollution Coalition is a growing global alliance of organizations, businesses, and thought leaders working toward a world free of plastic pollution and its toxic impact on humans, animals, and the environment. "

Surfrider Foundation: Rise Above Plastics Campaign - "Rise Above Plastics is designed to eliminate the impacts of plastics in the marine environment by raising awareness about the dangers of plastic pollution and by advocating for a reduction of single-use plastics and the recycling of all plastics."

Parley for the Oceans - "Parley is the space where creators, thinkers, and leaders come together to raise awareness for the beauty and fragility of our oceans and collaborate on projects that can end their destruction."

Ocean Conservancy - "Ocean Conservancy is working with you to protect the ocean from today’s greatest global challenges. Together, we create science-based solutiosn for a healthy ocean and the wildlife and communities that depend on it."

Break Free From Plastic - "We believe in a world where the land, sky, oceans, and water is home to an abundance of life, not an abundance of plastic, and where the air we breathe, the water we drink and the food we eat is free of toxic by-products of plastic pollution."

National Geographic: Planet or Plastic - "Planet or Plastic? is National Geographic's multiyear effort to raise awareness about the global plastic trash crisis."